For most people, retiring means the end of a paycheck, but not the end of an active life. The typical retiree spends 20 to 30 years in retirement and running out of money is their biggest fear. When you retire, how will your lifestyle be affected? Here are some of the things to take into consideration.
Retirement age – Modern retirees face lots of choices that their parents did not have. There is no longer a mandatory retirement age, so the question “when should I retire” gets more complicated.
Social Security – The age at which you apply for Social Security benefits has a big effect on your retirement income. Apply early and you reduce your monthly benefits by 25% – 30%, depending on your age. Wait until you’re 70 and you increase your monthly benefit by up to 32% (8% per year), depending on your age. If you are married, the decisions get even more complicated.
Pension – If you are entitled to a pension, the amounts you receive usually depend on your length of service. The formula used to calculate the pension benefit can get quite complicated. Those who work for employers whose finances are questionable may want to consider whether they will get the benefits they are promised. If you are married, you will need to decide how much of your pension will go to your spouse if you die first.
Second career – More and more people go back to work after retirement. Many don’t want to stop working, but do something different. Others use their skills to become consultants, or turn a hobby into a business. A second career makes a big difference in your retirement lifestyle and how much income you will have in retirement.
Investment accounts – These are the funds you have saved for retirement: in IRAs, 401(k)s, 403(b)s, 457s, and individual accounts. These funds are under your control. Most retirees use them to supplement Social Security and pension income. They are the key to determining how well people live in retirement.
Combine these issue with the effects of inflation, market volatility, investment returns and health care costs and it becomes apparent that retirees need to plan. If your retirement is years away, a plan allows you to make mid-course corrections. If you’re already retired a plan will allow you to sleep soundly, knowing that a lot of the uncertainty has been removed.