The Swiss national bank ended its policy of pegging the Swiss franc to the Euro. It had pinned the currency at 1.20 francs per euro for the past 3½ years. It abandoned the cap which led to an immediate increase in the price of the Swiss franc by 30%. Today, the Euro and the franc are trading at par.
What this means is that prices for Swiss goods are higher than they were a few days ago for people outside of Switzerland. That’s bad for Swiss companies and Swiss stocks fell 8.7% as traders worried the stronger franc would hurt Switzerland’s exports. Switzerland’s top exports are gold, medical products, watches and chemicals.
The sudden and unexpected move caught currency traders by surprise and created turmoil in world markets as investors tried to anticipate what the move means.